From Anthropocene Troubles to Utz 'K'aslemal: Indigenous Ecologies as Bioculturally-Diverse Pathways beyond a World of Crises
Wednesday, September 26, 2018 at 1:00 pm to 3:00 pm
Orozco Room, Alvin Johnson/J.M. Kaplan Hall 66 West 12th Street, Room A712, New York, NY 10011
A lecture by new Environmental Policy and Sustainability Management Associate Professor Leonardo E. Figueroa Helland:
As we plunge into the uncertain times of the Anthropocene (a geological epoch dominated by humans) we face a convergence of global crises: from the breaching of planetary boundaries like climate change and biodiversity loss, to crises in energy and resource extractivism, food systems, economic inequality, security, health and demographics—especially migration and urbanization. Responses to these crises by dominant actors and institutions have often been superficial, delayed, fragmentary and even reactionary. They fall short of addressing the systemic dimensions of the crises, their interconnected complexity, their root causes and the intersectional forms of power and injustice enabling their hegemonic reproduction. Instead, they often replicate the logics producing the crises, thus failing to embody the systemic alternatives and “great transitions” we urgently need. Beyond the “paralysis above,” we can find promise in the groundswell of counter-hegemonic “movements below” who embrace systemic alternatives like just transitions, postdevelopment, degrowth, sufficiency, post-capitalism, the commons, food sovereignty, (eco)feminism, decoloniality, Mother Earth jurisprudence, and others. Among these, we find indigenous knowledges and practices, whose biotically-tailored social ecologies underpin non-anthropocentric communities that have enabled indigenous peoples to nurture the majority of the world’s biological diversity and embody most of its linguistic-cultural diversity. Both types of diversity are co-dependent; hence “biocultural diversity.” Indigenous peoples have defended biocultural diversity against (ongoing) colonialism and imperialism—including ecological imperialism, which often sacrifices diversity at the altar of “modern civilization”. As we stand at the ecological edge of an epochal cycle facing the Anthropocene crises, indigenous movements are challenging the long night of coloniality by offering alternatives that address multiple crises through the revitalization of globally-complementary, locally-adapted and bioregionally-differentiated praxes rooted in the defense and nurturance of biocultural diversity. By revitalizing indigenous alternatives and fostering their complementarities with other systemic alternatives we can prefigure lifeways that enable the lush biocultural diversity of life as a whole—the Utz 'K'aslemal (Maya) that, beyond the age of Man and his mastery of nature, can make more just and sustainable worlds possible.
Sponsored by the Tishman Environment and Design Center and the Milano School of Policy, Management, and Environment.
- Event Type
Humanity, Society, Social Justice, Environment, Sustainability and Climate Change, International and Global, Politics, Policy and Government, Education and Learning, Intellectual Culture and Big Ideas, Creativity and Innovation
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